Bus Fleet Renewal Toolkit

Are you familiar with obsolete bus fleets that are old, poorly maintained, highly-polluting and unsafe? An urban bus fleet modernisation project could be the answer.

This toolkit provides essential knowledge for practitioners who want to or who are already engaged in policy initiatives aimed at modernising bus systems. The toolkit provides detailed information and tools by GIZ and other organisations on all aspects of fleet modernization programs and offers examples and lessons learned from around the world.

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Content Overview Bus Fleet Renewal Toolkit

This content overview helps you nagivate through this toolkit. Note that many of the posts listed...
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Guidance for a Bus Sector Transformation

A reform of the bus sector changes the way bus services are planned, procured, monitored and...
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Case Studies Philippines and Mexico

GIZ supports public transport modernisation around the world. Here we present results and lessons learnt from...
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European Case Studies

Organizations and local governments in various European countries and cities have launched and successfully implemented bus...
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Key Steps for the Introduction of E-Buses

The introduction of electric buses presents decision-makers and (public) bus operators in cities with a multitude...
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Stakeholder Engagement

The identification and involvement of important stakeholders and actors for busfleet renewals is crucial for the...
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Setting Up a Steering Structure

Bus fleet renewal projects need a clear steering structure and suitable organisational structures. We include here...
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Standard Indicators

Many GIZ projects focus on sustainable urban mobility, public transport and freight logistics in countries around...
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Project Presentations

The TRANSfer project has developed exemplary project proposals from the Philippines and from Costa Rica. The...
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Process Steps of Bus Fleet Renewal Projects

Project managers of bus fleet modernization programs need a structured plan that breaks down the program...
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Contract models for public transport services

Public service contracts between bus operators and local authorities can be an important lever for improving...
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Increasing Ambition to Mitigate Greenhouse Gases in the Transport Sector through Electro-Mobility

Achieving the global climate change policy target to limit global warming to less than 2 Degrees...
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New Energy Buses in China

Electro-mobility and New Energy Vehicles (NEV) are important elements of the Chinese government’s strategy to promote...
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Reforming the (semi-)informal minibus system in the Philippines

This report aims to shed light on early experiences with one of the most ambitious (mini-)...
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Zero Emission Bus Charging Systems

The aim of this report is to provide city officials and practitioners with an understanding of...
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Barrier Analysis

Local barriers can prevent transit agencies from successfully renewing their bus fleets. Therefore, it is key...
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Dealing with Risks in Bus Fleet Modernisation Projects

This assessment reviewed programmes from Colombia, Costa Rica, Pakistan, and the Philippines, with the aim of...
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Options for Operational Models

Business models for public bus transport can be of various kinds. In order to be particularly...
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Franchise Consolidation, Contracting and KPIs

This presentation was developed in the context of the TRANSfer project component in the Philippines which...
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Regulations and Standards for Clean Buses

This report by the International Transport Forum reviews progress on technical standards for heavy vehicles that...
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E-bus global tool

This tool allows users to perform economic and financial evaluations to quantify the private and social...
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Economic and Financial Evaluation of E-Buses in Colombia

This consultancy is developed within TRANSfer’s country component in Colombia which aims at preparing a National...
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Funding and Financing Mechanisms for sustainable mobility

This report summarises the main mechanisms identified with the potential to generate resources for sustainable urban...
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Financial Mechanisms for Electric Bus Adoption

Bus fleet modernization, irrespective of the technology considered, goes in hand with considerable funding needs and...
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Best Practice Financing

Two reports on financing mechanisms from the Philippines and from Brazil show best practice examples. In...
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Financial and Economic Impact Analysis

Cost-benefit analyses are critical for deciding if a project should be implemented for societal benefit.  Here...
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Terms of Reference for Financial Analysis Bus Technologies

This chapter includes several model Terms of Reference (ToR) specifically designed for Projects on Bus Fleet...
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New guide to structure MRV scheme for e-buses

The guide is available in English and Spanish, and is based in the learnings on the...
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Guidance on Monitoring of City Bus Operations

No matter the project you want to carry out – monitoring and evaluation represent a vital...
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MRV Guidance

A vital step for successful implementation of a strategy, policy, programme or project is the assessment...
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Best Practice MRV

Analyzing air pollutant emissions on certain routes, evaluating the performance of new buses on demonstration corridors...
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Environmental Impact Assessment Tool

The Costs and Emissions Appraisal Tool for Transit Buses by the World Resources Institute (WRI) is...
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Zero-Emission Bus Resources from Asia

The C40 Cities Finance Facility supports clean bus fleet projects in cities across Asia and elsewhere....
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Capacity Development Strategies

Capacity Development Plan for an Electric Bus Corridor in Mexico City The Capacity Development Plan by...
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“e-mobilogues” online seminars on E-Buses

In this online seminar series by GIZ’s SMART-SUT project in India, industry experts share their experiences...
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Zero-Emission Bus Seminars from Latin America

Many Latin American countries have deployed zero-emission buses in various cities. The successful transition of urban...
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Overview Trainings

To further your skills and expand your horizon on the development and implementation of bus fleet...
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Study Tour Guides

Study Tours are multi-day field trips that aim to provide learning experiences for political decision-makers from...
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