Tracking mitigation actions in the transport sector is a challenge, given the lack of information collection systems in many countries and the large number of small scattered sources (vehicles). However, modelling these sources on the basis of information on motorised vehicles and their activities is a viable approach to address these challenges. Providing guidance on how this can be achieved is the main purpose of this toolkit. A well-designed measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) system can increase the transparency of the impact of mitigation efforts. It enhances and improves transport planning and implementation and provides data and information for reporting requirements under the UNFCCC.
This toolkit provides guidance for the development of comprehensive and consistent national systems for the MRV of transport-related emissions. It provides practitioners with insights into a number of existing tools and methodologies designed to quantify GHG emissions for different types of mitigation measures, including practical guidance and detailed case studies.
Accounting for transport emissions has become increasingly important since the 197 parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) agreed to the Paris Agreement in 2015. Therein, each of the countries committed itself to emission reductions in its nationally determined contributions (NDCs). All parties to the UNFCCC must report on their emissions and measures. In addition, support and financing institutions often request projects to determine their contribution to emission reductions.
International cooperation facilitates the understanding and monitoring of mitigation measures through the exchange of methods, standard data and lessons learnt. As an entry point for practitioners to develop capacities for the quantification of transport-related emissions, this Transparency Toolkit places important publications and tools on MRVs in context.
MRV is the key to building bridges with transport measures that are ready for access to international climate financing. On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), GIZ has been supporting its partners in measuring, reporting and verifying emissions for many years.
Here you can find the latest Changing Transport updates on Transparency.
There are many tools and methodologies for estimating emission reductions compared to the baseline situation due to transport mitigation measures. Regardless of the methodology, the basis for transparency and any MRV system is the general data on transport collected in this sector.
The selection of an existing instrument or methodology can simplify and accelerate the emission calculation by offering prepared sets of variables, providing the model equations and even supplying standard data or guidelines for data collection. Still, the decision as to which instrument or methodology is appropriate for a particular purpose must be made by the user.