Introducing Measures, Pathways and Roadmaps for Optimizing Vehicle Efficiency and Electrification (IMPROVE)

Currently, the transport sector is responsible for around 1/4 of global energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. Emissions are rising sharply, especially in road transport in non-OECD countries, due to a corresponding increase in the number of vehicles with internal combustion engines whereas electric vehicles still, while increasing rapidly, still only represent a marginal portion of global vehicle sells. At the same time, the growing share of larger cars (SUVs) in all markets has offset the efficiency gains in internal combustion engine market.

Many countries lack the regulatory framework to steer their vehicle markets in a direction that is allowing them to meet their climate objectives and reduce their dependence on fossil fuels. The project IMPROVE addresses this gap by supporting its partner ministries in Colombia, Kenya, Morocco and Thailand to develop policies and regulations that support the transition to cleaner and more energy efficient vehicles.

The project follows a cross-regional and multi-actor approach and works hand in hand with its political partners and international experts.

Project activities include:

1. Identification of policy options
Together with partners, the project will analyse the vehicle market and the regulatory status quo in the partner countries, taking into account relevant climate, energy and industrial strategies of the country as well as questions of data availability, accessibility and quality. Based on the analysis, partners can identify the policy instruments that align best with national priorities and fit the local conditions.

2. Data collection and baseline development
New regulatory approaches require a solid and reliable empirical foundation. Hence, once the policy instrument is selected, the project will support partners to collect and analyse the necessary data on vehicle fleets, fuel consumption and emissions in order to build or update a fuel consumption and CO2 baseline for the relevant vehicle segment.

3. Stakeholder engagement and consensus building
The project will support the political partner to engage the most important stakeholders in the policy development process by organising consultation meetings, workshops and coordinating an inter-institutional steering group. Project partners are supported in their outreach and communication to create awareness among actors and build consensus for the policy.

4. Technical studies and policy design
The policy development process will be supported technically through the conduction of in-depth technical studies that are required for the design and implementation of new policy. This includes scenarios on CO2 reductions, socio-economic impact assessments, as well as legal advisory.

5. International learning
As the project is operating in four countries simultaneously, partner countries will be able to benefit from each-other’s experience and lessons learnt. Cross-country exchange formats will be organised by the project, e.g. during the Transport and Climate Change Week in Berlin, where partner countries can interact with each other and with international experts.

Project Information

Contact: Verena Flues,

Countries: Thailand, Kenya, Morocco, Colombia

Duration: 01/2023 – 05/2026

Status: ongoing

Funder: International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection (BMUV)

Implementation: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Political Partners:

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