As a result of Morocco’s recent positive economic development, characterized by an average GDP growth of 4%, alongside ongoing urbanization and a subsequent rise in traffic volume, the country is confronted with significant challenges in ensuring the sustainability and future viability of its transport sector.
Notably, the transport sector stands as the largest national energy consumer in Morocco, accounting for over 38% of total energy consumption. Moreover, it heavily relies on imported fossil energy, contributing to the country’s trade imbalance. In 2018, the sector was responsible for approximately 19 million tonnes of GHG emissions, making up around 23% of Morocco’s total emissions. Projections suggest that, in the absence of effective mitigation measures, emissions from the transport sector will continue to surge, potentially reaching 38 million tonnes of CO2 by 2030.
In particular, the rapid growth of road transport poses a significant challenge for Morocco. The number of fossil fuel vehicles on the country’s roads has more than doubled from 2.1 million in 2006 to 5 million in 2018. This surge in road traffic has a particularly pronounced impact on urban residents, resulting in various challenges such as increased CO2 emissions, air pollution, traffic congestion, noise, and a decline in people’s quality of life.
However, Morocco’s cities also hold great potential for the development of innovative, climate-friendly, and inclusive mobility systems, especially given the ongoing urbanization trends. Achieving this goal hinges on well-coordinated urban and mobility planning, as well as the promotion of public transport, cycling, walking, and leveraging the potential of digitalization to foster innovative, shared mobility solutions. Ensuring inclusivity and accessibility is also a crucial element, as it allows sustainable mobility systems to be available to all members of society.
The DKTI VI project is implemented in synergy with the TraCS and IMPROVE projects, which are implemented in Morocco together with the Moroccan Ministry of Transport and Logistics (MTL).