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12 December 2022

From Ambition to Action and Pledges to Policies

How selected countries plan to implement their NDC commitments

This report presents different approaches to implementing NDC transport commitments through legislation, governance structures, stakeholder ownership, inclusiveness, funding mechanisms, and accountability. Through interviews with GIZ colleagues and ministry representatives from Chile, China, Colombia, India, Kenya, Morocco, Philippines, Uganda, and Vietnam, we attempted to identify important drivers and prerequisites for implementing climate measures in the transport sector.

The transport sector is a major contributor to climate change. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by moving goods and passengers will have to decrease by 70% to 80% below current levels to limit global heating to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. At the moment, however, transport emissions are still increasing and at a faster rate than in most other economic sectors (IPCC 2022). After being sidelined in the first generation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC’s), awareness of the sector’s importance among policymakers is increasing and many of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) that countries submitted over the past two to three years contain transport measures and targets. Now, it’s time to implement commitments and here we present best practices for how to just that.

The ‘Advancing Transport Climate Strategies’ (TraCS) project is funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection’s International Climate Initiative. The project aims to support developing countries in systematically assessing greenhouse gas emissions from transport, in analysing emission reduction potentials and in optimising the sector’s contribution to the mitigation target in countries’ NDC.


14 Pages
Language: English
    Authors (alphabetical order):
  • Nadja Taeger

10 Principles for Sustainable Urban Transport