Viet Nam is among the Asian countries with the highest motorisation rate (>60% in 2018) and a fleet mostly dominated by motorcycles (97%). Due to the explosion of private vehicles, transport is considered one of the major air pollution sources in Viet Nam. The sector accounted for 18 percent of total CO2 emissions in 2014. Under the business-as-usual (BAU) scenario, it is estimated thatemissions from transport would rise sharply from 33.2 Mt CO2e in 2014 to nearly 90 Mt CO2e by 2030 .
Viet Nam is oriented to promote transport decarbonisation in order to achieve the Paris Agreement goal of limiting planetary heating to 1.5°C. Perceiving transport as one of the main emitters of GHG emission, the government of Viet Nam has highlighted this sector in its long-term strategies, specifically setting new targets on GHG emission reduction for the transport sector in the updated NDC 2020, the National Green Growth Strategy and most recently the commitment to net-zero carbon emission by 2050 at COP26.
The project “Support the Ministry of Transport to Implement Viet Nam’s NDC” under the framework of the NDC Transport Initiative for Asia (NDC TIA) strives to enhance capacity building, develop legal framework to promote the low carbon development and GHG emission reduction in transport, contributing to the implementation of Viet Nam’s NDC. The lead executive agency of this project component is the Ministry of Transport (MOT), the implementing agency is GIZ, and the implementing partners are ICCT and WRI.
To reduce emissions from the sector, the Ministry of Transport will be supported by the NDC TIA from 2020 – 2023 in five main activities:
Improve the national digital Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system for transport
Support enhancing ambition for NDC 3 formulation by building scenarios for GHG emission mitigation in transport up to 2050 towards carbon neutrality in Vietnam
Enhance the capacity and international cooperationof MOT in developing low carbon transport in responseto climate change.
Enhance low-carbon transport actions at the city level
Develop a regulative framework on national low carbon transport