Vietnam’s Department of Environment of the Ministry of Transport and GIZ cooperate to implement Vietnam’s international climate commitment, the so-called Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), through the Advancing Transport Climate Strategies (TraCS) project. In addition, in the context of the BMZ/EU co-funded project Transport and Climate Change in the ASEAN Region GIZ and the government of Vietnam work on fuel economy policies and green freight.
Vietnam committed to reduce emissions by 8% to 25% by 2030 against a business-as-usual scenario. As motorisation and transport demand in Vietnam have been rising rapidly in the past decades. The sector is one of the key sectors highlighted in the NDC (as part of the energy sector). According to Vietnam’s second Biannual Update Report (BUR), transport accounted for around 30 Mt of CO2e emissions in 2013.
Road transport is the main means for transporting people and goods, followed by water transport. Vietnam is among the Asian countries with the highest motorization rate (380 vehicles /1000 persons in 2010), with a fleet mostly dominated by motorcycles (95%). Due to the economic growth in the past years, car-ownership has also been increasing substantially.
To reduce emissions from the sector, the Ministry of Transport has been supported by the TraCS Project from 2016 – 2019 in in two areas:
Developing a monitoring, reporting and verification method for the transport sector: The so called TrIGGER Tool enables authorities to calculate GHG emissions of sub-sectors and evaluating data quality. Based on this tool, the Ministry revised its national statistic system to collect the relevant data on a regular basis.
Supporting the development of mitigation scenarios in transport and capacity building support on mitigation actions: Vietnamese and international experts developed a comprehensive tool to analyse the GHG impact of climate actions in transport in detail. Assumptions and data inputs were closely coordinated with the partners so results will be fed into Vietnam’s second NDC (to be submitted in 2020).