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Vietnam is among the Asian countries with the highest motorisation rate (>60% in 2018) and a fleet mostly dominated by motorcycles (97%)Due to the explosion of private vehicles, transport is considered one of the major air pollution sources in Vietnam. The sector accounted for 18 percent of total CO2 emissions in 2014.  Under the business-as-usual (BAU) scenario, it is estimated that emissions from transport would rise sharply from 33.2 Mt CO2e in 2014 to nearly 90 Mt CO2e by 2030 [1].

Vietnam is oriented to promote transport decarbonisation in order to achieve the Paris Agreement goal of limiting planetary heating to 1.5°C.  Perceiving transport as one of the main emitters of GHG emission, the government of Vietnam has highlighted this sector in its long-term strategies, specifically setting new targets on GHG emission reduction for the transport sector in the updated NDC 2020, the National Green Growth Strategy and most recently the commitment to net-zero carbon emission by 2050 at COP26. 

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