The National Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) and the National Department of Transport (DOT) are in the process of implementing the Transport Priority Climate Change Flagship Programme. This is a strategic intervention towards achieving the objectives of the National Climate Change Response Policy, South Africa`s Nationally Determined Contribution and the National Green Transport Strategy. GIZ supports the activities of the Transport Flagship Programme through its Climate Support Programme (CSP).
Several activities of the Transport Flagship Programme are contained in South Africa’s Sustainable Urban Mobility Programme, called “Tsamaya”. The national programme aims to improve the overall framework conditions for sustainable urban mobility and act as an incubator for further high-quality projects and policies towards sustainable mobility in South African cities. Tsamaya has been prepared as a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action and has been designed to attract further international support for full implementation.
GIZ supports several activities, which are part of the Tsamaya NAMA: Support for two pilot cities in the implementation of low-carbon transport policies and mitigation actions; improvement of the national policy framework and coordination of sustainable urban mobility; as well as implementation of a system for monitoring and reporting for urban mobility.
On the improvement of national policy GIZ and DOT cooperate on the development of the regulatory framework. This includes the National Green Transport Strategy, Green procurement guidelines, adjustment of fuel policies and regulations (e.g. fuel economy standards / labels, CNG categorisation) in collaboration with the ICCT and Global Fuel Economy Initiative, as well as various activities to promote the concept of transport demand management (parking management, road design standards for non-motorised transport).
Amongst the two pilot cities, the City of Johannesburg was selected as one to implement specific mitigation actions such as firstly, embarking on a process of a sound measurement, reporting and verification of GHG emissions from the Rea-Vaya bus rapid transit (BRT) phase 1c – a 86.9km network in Johannesburg. While this component focuses on the calculation of the mitigation potential and measuring of GHG emissions, it will also consider the parameters for measurement of non-GHG related benefits or “sustainable development benefits” related to improved safety, enhanced mobility, air quality, noise or economic benefits. Secondly, The Metrobus Diesel Dual Fuel (DDF) bus initiative came about as a result of the City of Johannesburg decision in 2013 to shift its public transport fleet to more cleaner and green fuel. This project is underway in order to produce a real world DDF Bus Performance Assessment and Cost Benefit Analysis of DDF compressed natural gas (CNG) and compressed biogas (CBG) fuel technology options on optimisation of DDF Technology for fuel efficiency and GHG mitigation enhancements.