International Review on Recycling Ecosystem of Electric Vehicle Batteries

By Mr. Sushovan Bej, Ms. Toni Zhimomi (GIZ), Mr. Christian Hochfeld, Mr. Ernst-Benedikt Riehle (Agora Verkehrswende), Prof. Zakir Rather, Mayank Rammohan Bradiya and Soudipan Maity (IITB)

This study thus focuses on the recycling ecosystem of batteries. Batteries up until recently were primarily used in electronic appliances. However, with the advent of EVs, batteries for traction applications have become synonymous with battery recycling and needs careful and in-depth study. Therefore, this report documents the battery recycling ecosystem in Germany and rest of EU, California (US), China, Japan, and South Africa. It documents the policies and regulations pertaining to recycling of batteries and the roles and responsibility of stakeholders involved in each country and further looks into the recycling ecosystem, supply chain for batteries, technology used for recycling, and the major market players in each country.

Under the NDC-TIA India Component, the study “International review on Recycling Ecosystem of EV Batteries” was conducted jointly by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ), Agora Verkehrswende, and Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay). The NDC – Transport Initiative for Asia (NDC-TIA) is a regional initiative funded by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection (BMUV).


77 Pages
Language: English
    Authors (alphabetical order):
  • Christian Hochfeld
  • Sushovan Bej
  • Toni Zhimomi
  • Ernst-Benedikt Riehle
  • Prof. Zakir Rather
  • Mayank Rammohan Bradiya
  • Soudipan Maity



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